American College Arboretum
South Bryn Mawr Avenue, Bryn Mawr
, PA 19010 (610)526-1228 or (610)526-1100.
35 acre campus which encloses a wood stream valley, a pond, and gardens of
annuals, perennials and even vegetables, is a designated arboretum and displays
600 labeled trees of a variety of species.
770 Mount Moro Road, Villanova
, PA 19085 (610)527-4280.
Arboretum at Penn State
H.O. Smith Botanic Gardens
- A charming stone
manor is set in 22 acre arboretum with streams, woods, tracts of rhododendrons,
stone walls, and a series of formal gardens.
: Bigler Road, University Park
, PA 16802, (814)865-9118.
Arboretum of the
- This gorgeous 35 acre botanical garden, with planning begun in 1999, is now open.
Phase 1 (17,000 individual plants of 700 species), completed in 2009,
included the Demonstration Gardens, Event Lawn, Marsh Meadow, North
(Conservatory) Terrace Garden, Oasis Garden, Overlook Pavilion, and Rose
and Fragrance Garden (Part I). As funding permits, new gardens will be
added, including a Children's Garden, a 10,000 square foot glass
Conservatory (with tender and tropical plants), an Education Center, a Four Seasons Garden, a Meadow
Garden, a Medieval Garden (featuring a kitchen garden with raised beds of potherbs and medicinal plants and a flower lawn with a raised turf seat and central fountain),
an Orchard, Perennial Gardens, a River of Grasses and Dry Stream, a Shade and Woodland Garden, Perimeter Trees,
and a Winter Garden. Watch the birth of a botanical garden in this
The Arboretum is a an undeveloped, 370-acre parcel of land immediately adjacent to the University Park campus of
Pennsylvania State University in State College, Pennsylvania.
: 300 North Latch's Lane, Merion
, PA 19066 (610)667-0290.
- This 13 acre arboretum displays collections of crabapples, magnolias, peonies,
and more than 250 varieties of lilacs and a woodland. Flower gardens include a
formal garden, an annual garden, and a restored rose garden.
Villanova University, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova
, PA 19085 (610)519-4426.
Awbury Arboretum & Historic Estate
continuing program of tree planting and labeling fulfills this campus
arboretum's mission of education and campus beautification. Flowering pear,
crabapple, cherry and horse chestnut trees (some of the 1,500 trees) and 35,000
daffodils are highlights of the self-guided tours.
Francis Cope House, 1 Awbury Road, Philadelphia
, PA 19138 (215)849-2855.
- This 55
acre estate displays 140 species of trees in an English-style landscape around a
stone cottage. The lovely landscape was created by William Saunders, who
designed the U.S. Capitol grounds.
: 54th Street & Lindbergh Blvd.,
, PA 19143
Bowman's Hill Wildflower
- Known as "America's Oldest Surviving Botanic Garden", this garden
is the former estate of a colonial (and royal) botanist and displays plants he
and his son collected. Features include a kitchen garden, a butterfly and
hummingbird garden, historic trees, a wildflower meadow, a water garden, a river
trail, and a wetland.
: 1635 River Road (Route 32), P.O. Box 685, New Hope
, PA 18938-0685
- Some 800 species of native wildflowers, ferns, vines, shrubs and
trees are displayed in natural habitats including eastern deciduous woodland,
open meadows, streamside and barrens habitats plus a pond and a bog. Two dozen
trails wind through the preserve.
Brandywine River Museum, U.S. Route 1, P.O. Box 141, Chadds Ford
, PA 19317
- Wildflower and Native Plant Gardens display native flowers,
shrubs and trees in a natural setting. Visitors may also stroll on a trail along
the Brandywine River.
: 101 N. Merion Avenue, Bryn Mawr
, PA 19010-2899
- The 135 acre campus, designed by Vaux and Olmsted, features an
English-style landscape design complementing the historic Collegiate Gothic
Church Road, Wayne
, PA 19087 (610)687-4163.
- This delightful 31 acre estate
"pleasure garden" showcases spring bulbs, orchards, and native wildflowers as
well as a cut-flower garden, a vegetable garden, espaliered fruit trees,
courtyards wtih tropical plants, a perennial garden, a woodland garden, and a
: Woodland Road, Pittsburgh
, PA 15232 (412)365-1157.
Cliveden National Historic Site
college's lovely Woodland Road Campus is a registered arboretum. Originally
designed by the Olmstead Brothers for the Andrew Mellon estate, the 32 acre
campus features 100 different varieties of species, including Japanese Flowering
Crabapple, River Birch and Kentucky Coffee Tree.
Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia
, PA 19144 (215)848-1777.
- This 1767 Georgian
manor house offers 6 acres of park-like landscape.
: Cooper Road (just off Route 356 near Cabot), P.O. Box 414,
, PA 16003 (724)283-8116.
- This pioneer museum, originally a farmstead,
displays an herb garden.
: 538 W. Butler Drive,
, PA 18222 (570)788-0833.
Crabtree Gardens is a 5 acre privately owned natural cottage and demonstration garden working towards creating
a permaculture type garden and homestead. The gardens showcase native trees,
shrubs, vines, grasses and flowers and provide a pesticide-free habitat
for birds, butterflies and pollinating insects.
Special features include progressive gardens from 1-5 years, several composting strategies, no dig garden beds,
a pond with waterfall, a butterfly rondel, a raised performance mound, a tapestry border, bog garden and half mile walking paths with stunning views.
(Note: The Gardens will have public hours beginning in the spring of
2012. Current access by appointment only.)
: 1 Medical Center Blvd.,
(William F.) Curtis Arboretum
- This Arboretum, affiliated with a medical center, showcases
the 25 acre Leona Gold Gardens and the Crozer Greenhouse.
: Cedar Crest College, 100 College Drive,
- This campus arboretum displays more than 135 varieties
of trees and shrubs and is named for a former college president who planted many
of the trees himself. A Nature Trail Guide is available for self-guided tours.
: Greenwood Avenue, Wyncote
, PA 19095 (215)884-7675.
Ebenezer Maxwell Mansion
- This arboretum
surrounds Curtis Hall, the ballroom of the Cyrus Curtis Mansion.
: 200 West
Tulpehocken Street, Philadelphia
, PA 19144 (215)438-1861.
- This 1859 Victorian
house museum depicting 19th century domestic life is surrounded by a recreated
: 124 and 126 Elfreth's Alley, Philadelphia
, PA 19106-2006
Elmwood Park Zoo
- America's oldest continuously occupied residential street is a
national historic landmark and includes city gardens.
: 1661 Harding
Boulevard (Off Route 202S), Norristown
, PA 19404 (610)277-3825.
Erie Zoo (now the
Zoological Park and Botanical Garden of Northwest Pennsylvania)
- This 16 acre zoo
features 150 North American wild animals. of 50 species in natural habitats,
including Deciduous Forests, Grasslands, Wetlands, Desert and an indoor Bayou.
: P.O. Box
3268, 423 W. 38th Street, Erie
, PA 16508-0268 (814)864-4091.
- This 15 acre park
with naturalistic habitats is home to 300 animals representing nearly 100
different species from six continents plus thousands of plants from 450
: Route 381, P.O. Box R, Mill Run
, PA 15464 (724)329-8501.
Frick Art and Historical Center
renowned Frank Lloyd Wright house, situated in the 5000 acre Bear Run Nature
Reserve, demonstrates the integration of architecture and landscape. On the
Smithsonian's list of 28 places to see in the world, this remarkable
home, among its endless features, uses interior plantings to connect the
man-made interiors to nature outside.
7227 Reynolds St., Pittsburgh
, PA. 15208 (412)371-0600.
Governor's Mansion Gardens
- The 6 acre site
showcases an art museum, a car and carriage museum, and a greenhouse, on
beautifully landscaped grounds.
: 2035 North Front Street,
, PA 17102
The Grange Estate
- The recently renovated Richard C. von Hess Gardens now include
three of the Residence's landscaped areas: the Susquehanna Gardens, Penn's Woods
(an educational showpiece featuring the finest and most historically significant
plants, shrubs and flowers native to Pennsylvania) and the West Lawn. A rose
garden showcases over 250 roses of thirteen different cultivars.
: Myrtle Avenue
and Warwick Road, Havertown
, PA 19083 (610)446-4958.
Graver Arboretum of
- This historic country
estate exhibits 18th century gardens within protective stone walls.
: Bushkill Center Road off Bushkill Drive (off Route 512
North) Moorestown , Bushkill Township
, PA 18104-5586 (610)759-3132.
recently enlarged 60 acre arboretum displays wildflowers, ferns, mushrooms,
mountain laurels, rhododendrons, azaleas, giant grasses, and native and rare
trees including 200 species of conifers.
Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia
, PA 19144-2328 (215)925-2251.
- This 1744 summer
residence displays a re-created historic garden
Hartwood Acres, Hampton, PA 15238 (412)767-9200.
- The beautifully landscaped
grounds with formal gardens on this 629 acre estate (now an Allegheny County
Park) include outdoor sculpture.
: Haverford College, 370 Lancaster Avenue, Haverford
, PA 19041
- This 198 acre campus was designed by an English gardener in 1834
and the current Arboretum Association continues his efforts at campus
beautification. The Ryan Pinetum offers a restored conifer collection begun in
Foundation for Botanical Research
: 801 Stony Lane, P.O. Box 7,
Henry Schmieder Arboretum and Gardens
- This 50 acre garden, displaying the collection of plant
collector Mary Gibson Henry, showcases its myriad and wonderful plants in hilly
terrain with interesting rock outcroppings.
: 700 E. Butler Avenue (Route 202),
, PA 18901-2697 (215)345-1500.
- This arboretum campus displays stately
trees and extensive gardens, including gardens for annuals, ornamental grasses,
herbs, vines, rare conifers, daylilies, native plants, shade plants and plants
with winter interest. Named gardens include the new Lois Burpee Herb Garden
(culinary, medicinal, fragrance, dye, industrial and other useful plants), a
Woodland Garden, the Winter Walk, and the 1920s Cottage Garden.
: 170 Hotel Road,
P.O. Box 416, Hershey
, PA 17033 (717)534-3492.
The Highlands Mansion and Gardens
- The 23 acre gardens, established
in 1936, offer seasonal flower displays (including 30,000 tulips mid-April
through early May), collections of specimen trees and shrubs, theme gardens and
an All America Rose Selections Rose Garden and over 7,000 roses, and exhibits
nearly 14,000 plants of some 800 varieties. A special treat is the butterfly
house with over 300 North American butterflies.
7001 Sheaff Lane, Ft. Washington
, PA 19034 (215)641-2687.
- The extensive
plantings on this 44 acre estate include a lovely herb parterre garden developed
over two centuries.
: 4 Yardley Avenue, Fallsington
, PA 19054
- The grounds surrounding these historic 17th, 18th and 19th
century homes and buildings are replete with herb, flower and vegetable gardens.
Heritage roses are a part of the historic landscape of the village tavern. An
ongoing herb project includes cooking programs.
: Alfred Lake, New Village Road off Old Holtwood Road
(off Route 372), Holtwood
, PA (800)354-8383. GPS coordinates: N39 50.033 W76
- This recreation area, arboretum and wildflower preserve are owned by
PP&L (an electric company).
: West Fairmount Park, N. Horticultural Drive &
Montgomery Avenue, P.O. Box 21601, Philadelphia
, PA 19131 (215)685-0096.
Independence National Historic Park
Horticulture Center features a 31,000 square foot greenhouse, seven formal
demonstration gardens, the 22-acre Centennial Arboretum (specimen trees and
shrubs) and a 13th century-style Japanese House and Garden (see Shofuso, below).
Walnut Street, Philadelphia
, PA 19106-4702 (215)597-8787.
- Home of the Liberty
Bell, this World Heritage Site includes an 18th century garden, a rose garden
and magnolia garden (at the Todd House) and extensive landscaping.
631 Berwyn-Baptist Road, Devon
, PA 19333 (610)647-8870.
Longwood Gardens, Inc.
- This indigenous hardwood
forest was enhanced to display more than 4,000 spectacular native and exotic
rhododendrons and azaleas representing 150 varieties.
: Route 1,
P.O. Box 501, Kennett Square
, PA 19348-0501 (610)388-1000.
Louise Arnold Tanger Arboretum
- Longwood, the
magnificent 1,050 acre estate of Pierre S. du Pont, offers 20 splendid outdoor
gardens and 20 indoor gardens displaying 11,000 varieties of plants. The 4 acre
Conservatory displays the Cascade Garden, Roses/Hibiscus, the Tropical Terrace,
Bananas, the Silver Garden, Acacia, the Orangery, Bonsai, Espaliered Fruit, the
Children's Garden, the Camellia House, the East Conservatory, the Outdoor
Waterlilies, the Exhibition Hall, Orchids, Insect-Catching Plants, the Fern
Passage, the Mediterranean Garden, and the Palm House. Outdoor gardens include
the Main Fountain Garden, the Cariopteris Allee, the Topiary Garden, the Rose
Garden, the Theatre Garden, the Rose Arbor, the Peony Garden, the Wisteria
Garden, the Italian Water Garden, the Flower Garden Walk, the Example Garden,
the Idea Garden (Grasses, Vines and Roses, Perennials, Fruit Trees, Berries and
Herbs), Heaths and Heathers, the Oak and Conifer Knoll, the Meadow, plus many
: Lancaster County Historical Society, 230 N.
President Avenue, Lancaster
, PA 17603 (717)393-4633.
Malcolm W. Gross Memorial Rose Garden
- This arboretum, designed by
Gustav Malmborg, beautifies the Historical Society grounds with 104 varieties of
: 2700 Parkway Boulevard,
, PA 18104.
Marywood University Arboretum
- In the city called "Pennsylvania's Park Place", you'll find
this All America Rose Selections accredited garden.
: 2300 Adams Avenue, Scranton
, PA 18509
- This 115 acre arboretum campus displays over 100 species of trees
: One Masonic Drive, Elizabethtown
, PA 17022-2199 (717)367-1121.
- Extraordinary formal gardens with lawns, terraces, rare trees, ornamental
shrubs, rose beds and arbors, a reflecting pond, and large water fountain of
this continuing care retirement community, children's home, and community
: 1633 Washington Lane, Meadowbrook
, PA 19046-1132 (215)887-5900.
commercial nursery, the life work of J. Liddon Pennock, displays a series of
gardens and a greenhouse.
: Pennsylvania State University, Mont Alto Campus, 1 Campus Drive (Off Route
233), Mont Alto
, PA 17237 (717)749-3111.
Morris Arboretum of
the University of Pennsylvania
- This campus arboretum displays over 200
trees, the majority of which were planted between 1910 and 1925, including an
excellent collection of Asiatic conifers. Tree identification tags and 2
self-guided trails are available.
: 100 Northwestern Avenue, Philadelphia
Monastery (formerly the Charles Schwab Estate)
- This 92 acre university arboretum offers a Victorian
landscape ornamented with gardens (including a formal All America Rose
Selections rose garden), winding paths, streams, hidden grottos, fountains,
Japanese rock work, a glasshouse fernery and woodland, plus some of
Philadelphia's oldest trees.
, PA 15940
(Benjamin Rush) Medicinal Garden
- This Franciscan monastery, the former estate of Charles Schwab
(founder of Bethlehem Steel), offers lavish grounds with extensive gardens
including the formal Sunken Garden and rock gardens, waterfalls, fountains,
statuary, a medieval stone water tower, and a palatial mansion.
College of Physicians, 19 S. 22nd Street, Philadelphia
, PA 19103-3001
- This museum of medicine offers a fascinating garden
with more than sixty varieties of medicinal plants as well as a number of donated trees, laid out with four identical raised beds, or parterres. Labels in the garden list common names, scientific names, and selected uses for the plants.
A comprehensive listing of the plants and their medicinal uses and properties can be found in
: Arch Street, Allegheny
Commons West, Pittsburgh, PA 15212 (412)323-7235.
Old Economy Village
- This indoor aviary, declared
the official U.S. aviary in 1993, is home to 500 birds representing over 200
species in an environment of extensive plantings.
Church Street, Ambridge
, PA 15003-2281 (724)266-4500 or (Friends) (724)266-1803.
- Two gardens and a greenhouse grace the grounds of this restored and recreated
nineteenth century Christian communal society. The Baker
House Garden is a re-creation of a typical Harmonist family garden with old
varieties of plants and vegetables planted according to historic arrangements.
The more elaborate George Rapp Garden, once featuring lawns, arbors, flowers
beds, and a Pavilion over the pool with a statue, also displays historical
Pennsbury Memorial Road, Morrisville
, PA 19067 (215)946-0400.
Penn State Horticultural Trial Garden
- This recreated
home of William Penn includes a recreated kitchen garden of fruit, vegetables
and herbs and a walled formal gardens.
: Park Avenue and Bigler Road,
, PA 16802 (814)865-2571.
Philadelphia Museum of Art Azalea Garden
- An All America Selections trial garden and a
Fleuroselect (a similar program in Europe) garden, the trial gardens
display a rainbow of flowers.
: 26th Street and the Benjamin
Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia
, PA 19130 (215)763-8100.
- The Pennsylvania
Horticultural Society is working on a landscape rehabilitation project for the
Museum's 25 acres of grounds as part of its
Philadelphia Green project.
: 3400 W. Girard Avenue, Philadelphia
, PA 19104-1196
Phipps Conservatory and Botanical
- America's first zoo, this 42 acre park-like zoo offers the
Carnivore Kingdom, the Children's Zoo, the African Plains, the Bird House and
Bird Lake, the Treehouse, Bear Country, the Primate Reserve, plus many indoor
exhibits and a monorail. 100 mammal species, 150 bird species, and 225 reptile
and amphibian species are represented.
: One Schenley Park, Pittsburgh
, PA 15213-3830 (412)622-6914.
The Physic Garden
- This historic Victorian conservatory offers 13 indoor gardens including the
Desert Room, the East Room, the Fern Room, the Fruit and Spice Room, the
Gallery, the Orchid Room, the Palm Court, the Parterre De Broderie (formal
French-style knotted gardens), the Serpentine Room, the South Conservatory, the
Stove Room, the Sunken Garden and the Victoria Room. Outdoor gardens the Aquatic
Gardens, the Discovery Garden (for children), the Japanese Courtyard Garden, the
Medicinal Plant Garden, the Outdoor Garden (a perennial garden, dwarf conifers,
a border of pink and whites, annual beds, a semi-shade garden, medicinal plant
garden and a medieval herb garden), and the Rose Garden.
Pennsylvania Hospital, 8th and Pine Street, Philadelphia
, PA 19107-6192
- Proposed in 1774, the Botanical Garden was not actually created
until 1976. It features a representative collection of herbs, trees and shrubs
grown for medicinal purposes in 18th century American gardens.
: One Wild Place,
, PA 15206 (412)665-3640 or (800)474-4966.
Reading Public Museum
- This thoroughly modern zoo
is a research and conservation organization, but that doesn't diminish the fun
of seeing a world of animals and birds in naturalistic habitats.
Museum Road, Reading
, PA 19611-1425 (610)371-5850.
Renziehausen Park Rose
Garden and Arboretum
- This museum offers 25 acres
of grounds with hundreds of flowering trees, shrubs and sculptural gardens.
: Eden Park Boulevard off Walnut Street,
Memorial Rose Garden
- Among the lovely gardens at this 258 acre park are an All
America Rose Selections accredited rose garden with 1,200 roses arranged in 28
beds plus 3 raised miniature rose beds of approximately 300 bushes.
: Star Roses
1 and 796, West Grove
, PA 19390 (610)869-2426 or (800)458-6559.
Rock Ford Plantation
- This rose
grower, developer of All America Rose Selections winners, exhibits an
All-America Rose Selections accredited garden.
: 881 Rock
Ford Road, P.O. Box 264, Lancaster
, PA 17608-0264 (717)392-7223.
Rodale Institute Research
- This 1794
Georgian brick mansion is surrounded by 32 acres of gardens and woodlands.
: 611 Siegfriedale Road, Kutztown
, PA 19530 (610)683-1400.
Rodef Shalom Biblical
agricultural research center stressing organic production of food crops
maintains trial and demonstration gardens at this 333 acre experimental farm.
: 4905 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh,
- This fascinating garden displays more than 100 temperate and
tropical plants, each labeled and with a bible verse, in a setting with a
waterfall, a desert, a bubbling stream, and the Jordan River from Lake Kineret
to the Dead Sea. An extensive continuing research effort results in changing
programs and displays.
Arboretum of Swarthmore College
: 500 College Avenue, Swarthmore
- This 300 acre campus arboretum with 3,000 varieties of
plants includes collections of conifers, hydrangeas, hollies, lilacs, oaks,
roses, tree peonies, viburnums and wisteria. Gardens include the Biostream
(flowering shrubs and perennials around a rock filled drainage swale), the
Rhododendron Display Garden (300 varieties), the Scott Entrance Garden (mixed
plantings), the Crum Woods (200 acre woodland with trails), the Dean Bond Rose
Garden (650 roses of 200 varieties), the Scott Outdoor Amphitheater (designed by
Thomas W. Sears), the Harry Wood Courtyard Garden (groundcovers, broadleaf
evergreens, mature river birches and bulbs), the Summer Bloom Border (perennials
and annuals), the Isabelle Cosby Courtyard (plants with gold and purple
foliage), the Suzanne Schmidt Memorial Garden (the cherry collection, bulbs,
herbaceous perennials and ferns), the James R. Frorer Holly Collection (350
varieties), the Terry Shane Teaching Garden (an annual border, a pergola,
perennials, and a water garden), the John W. Nason Garden and Outdoor Classroom
(interesting textures), the Theresa Lang Garden of Fragrance, the Metasequoia
Allée (dawn redwoods with underplantings), the Winter Garden (plants with
ornamental bark, berries and winter flowers), the Pinetum (pines, spruces, firs
and more, and the Wister Garden (early bulbs, wildflowers, ferns, tree peonies
Fairmount Park, Belmont Avenue and Montgomery Drive, Philadelphia
, PA 19131
- This 16th or 17th century style Japanese home is surrounded by a
period Japanese garden with statuary, rocks, koi, lovely plantings and a bamboo
: 51 Dairy Road,
, PA 18252 (570)386-4276.
- Six acres of lovely gardens feature the
Perennial Garden, the Formal Culinary Herb Garden, an Exotic Tropical Spice and
Flowering Specimen Garden, the Chile Pepper Garden, the Water Garden and the
: Charlestown Road, R.D. 1, P.O. Box 127, Malvern , PA 19355
(215)933-6916 or (610)935-8795.
Taylor Memorial Arboretum
- This 19 acre Japanese garden and wildlife
preserve displays a Teahouse and Tea Garden, a stone garden, statuary, streams,
a lake, stone lanterns, and bridges set among naturalistic plantings. Plant
collections include the Glendale Azalea Garden (150 kinds); the Herb Garden (100
low maintenance species), the Ground Cover Garden (28 low-growing plants), and
the Pinetum (over 200 varieties of conifers).
: 10 Ridley
, PA 19086 (610)876-2649.
- Special areas of this lovely 30
acre arboretum includes Anne's Grotto (a former quarry site with mosses, ferns,
wildflowers, and azaleas), the millrace and waterfall and the Bald Cypress Pond
(with cattails, rushes, and iris). Plant collections include azaleas, dogwoods,
magnolias, junipers, lilacs, viburnums, witchhazels, Japanese maples, boxwoods,
and arborvitae. Three Pennsylvania State Champion Trees (a giant dogwood, a
needle juniper, and a lacebark elm) are also featured.
: 515 Painter Road,
, PA 19063-4424 (610)566-5431.
- This lovely 650 acre arboretum was
systematically planted with trees and shrubs by the owners beginning in 1825.
Displays include rhododendrons, magnolias, maples, cherries, hollies, crabapples
and lilacs, plus oaks, tulip trees, poplars, beech and an 85 acre pinetum.
Visitors can also enjoy the Fragrant Garden, the Bird Garden and the Butterfly
Garden as well as the Native Woodland Walk and 20 miles of trails through the
450 uncultivated acres.
: Green Valleys Association, 1368 Prizer Road,
- This 162 acre nature education center features ponds,
wetlands, meadows and woods. The formal plantings surrounding the house resulted
from the acquisition of an entire nursery.
6026 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia
, PA 19144 (215)848-1690.
- Unaltered since
the 1820s, Wyck's garden of old roses adheres to its original 19th century plan.
The 2 1/2 acres of grounds surrounding the historic home display vegetable, herb
and ornamental gardens among various rural outbuildings.
Park Avenue, Hershey
, PA 17033 (717)534-3860.
- This 11 acre zoo features plants
and animals native to five regions of North America (the North Woods, Big Sky
Country, Cactus Community, Eastern Woodlands and Grassy Waters) and displays 150
animals representing some 70 species amongst extensive plantings.